Peaks and Depressions Map
The Home | New Map | Specialty | Peaks and Depressions command can be used to create a peaks and depressions map from a grid file. The Home | Add to Map | Layer | Peaks and Depressions or Map Tools | Add to Map | Layer | Peaks and Depressions command adds a peaks and depressions map layer to the selected map.
A peaks and depressions map creates polygons around peaks and depressions in a grid file. The polygons represent the first or last closed polygon around an area, where drainage flows away from it (peak) or into it (depression). Peaks and depression areas can be labeled, hachured, the minimum and maximum points can be located with a symbol, and a report can be generated with statistical information about each peak and depression (e.g. length, width, height/depth, volume, orientation, etc).
Peaks and depressions maps are useful for modeling water moving over landmasses and landscapes characterized by caves, sinkholes, fissures, and underground streams.
For example, the availability of surface water and groundwater changes over time depending on precipitation, water runoff, evaporation, seepage, and discharge. Determining the current and future water availability also depends on the geology and geography of the catchment area or the building site and water demand. Volumes of surface water and ground water are informed by topographic data, Karst topography, and geographic data, which are captured in Surfer grid files and mapped in peaks and depression maps. Boundaries can be drawn around peaks where water flows from and depressions which capture water to create unique areas for statistical analysis. Sinkholes and hills can be specifically selected and analyzed. The boundary areas can be saved for later analysis when geographic or topographic data changes.
The following example peaks and depressions map is from PeaksAndDepressions.srf, which you can find in the Surfer sample files (C:\Program Files\Golden Software\Surfer\Samples).
|Peak areas of Crater Lake are in the default red color and the depression area is in the default blue. Hachures indicate the direction of the slope from the contour line in the depression area. The highest point is labeled with a triangle and its elevation in feet, while the lowest point is marked with a blue circle and labeled with its elevation.|
Creating Peaks and Depressions
To create a peaks and depressions map:
- Click the Home | New Map | Specialty | Peaks and Depressions command.
- Select a grid file in the Open Grid dialog and click Open.
The map is automatically created with reasonable defaults.
Editing a Peaks and Depressions Map
To change the features of the peaks and depressions map, click once on the peaks and depressions map layer in the plot window or in the Contents window to select it. The properties are displayed in the Properties window.
Adding a Map Layer
When peaks and depressions maps are created, they are independent of other maps in the plot window. For example, creating a peaks and depressions map while a contour map is present in the plot window yields two separate maps, each with its own set of axes and scaling parameters. To create a single map with the contour map on the peaks and depressions map, select both maps by clicking the Home | Selection | Select All command. Overlay the maps using the Map Tools | Map Tools | Overlay Maps command.
Alternatively, you can add the contour map directly to the existing peaks and depressions map by creating the contour map using the Home | Add to Map | Layer | Contour command. This automatically adds the contour map to the existing peaks and depressions map axes.
Another alternative is to create both maps using the Home | New Map commands. Then, select one map and drag the map layer to the other map object. This is equivalent to using the Overlay Maps command to overlay maps. For example, create a contour map with the Home | New Map | Contour command. Create the peaks and depressions map using the Home | New Map | Specialty | Peaks and Depressions command. This creates two separate maps. Click on the contour layer, hold down the left mouse button, and drag the contour map into the peaks and depressions map. A single map with two map layers, using one set of axes and scaling parameters is created.
Any number of peaks and depressions maps can be combined with any other map layers.
Peaks and Depressions Layer Properties
The peaks and depressions map properties contains the following pages:
The map properties contains the following pages: